Archive for January, 2014

After studying about the brain and information processing this week in class, I wanted to do additional research on how memory works in human beings.  I found a very good article on how memory works on the following website:  http://science.howstuffworks.com/life/inside-the-mind/human-brain/human-memory2.htm.  Richard C. Mohs, PhD provides simple and clear explanations of the different stages in the memory process including sensory memory, short term memory and long term memory.  According to Mohs (2007), the creation of a memory begins with its perception and the registration of information during perception only last a fraction of a second.  Sensory memory is the first stage in information processing it allows a perception such as a visual pattern, a sound, or a touch to linger for a brief moment (Mohs, 2007).    Mohs (2007) explains the limited capacity of short-term memory and that it only holds seven items for no more than 20 or 30 seconds at a time.  Mohs (2007) describes how information is transferred from short-term memory into long-term memory.  Information can be retained in long-term memory if it is repeated or used.

I found an additional online resource that provides a very good summary of cognitive information processing:  http://expertlearners.com/cip_theory.php.  This article also describes the three stages of memory, however, additional information regarding the processes that keep information alive or help transfer it from one memory state to the next is also explained.   In Cognitive Information Processing Theory (2011), selective attention, maintenance rehearsal, encoding, and retrieval is described:

  • Selective attention is the learner’s ability to select and process certain information while simultaneously ignoring other information.
  • Maintenance rehearsal refers to the repetition of information in order to maintain it in short term memory.
  • Encoding refers to the process of relating incoming information to concepts and ideas already in memory in such a way that the new material is more memorable.
  • The retrieval process in long term memory involves bringing to mind previously learned information, to either (a) understand some new input or (b) make a response. Making a response may involve either recall or recognition.

References:

Cognitive Information Processing Theory. (2011). —expertlearners.com. Retrieved from http://expertlearners.com/cip_theory.php

Mohs, P. R. (2007). How Human Memory Works. HowStuffWorks. Retrieved from http://science.howstuffworks.com/life/inside-the-mind/human-brain/human-memory2.htm

Advertisements

I am very excited to be a part of the Instructional Design and Technology master’s program at Walden University.  I plan to use the knowledge that I learn from this program to assist me in becoming an instructional designer.  My goal is to improve learning in the business environment.  My background is in IT with experience including program development, business analysis, data analysis, training, quality assurance, and testing.  I plan to use transferrable skills that I learned in IT and apply them in the field of instructional design.

Blogs with instructional design and technology, learning, and training content can serve as ongoing resources of information as I work in the instructional design field.  I have evaluated three blogs that I feel will have relevant content related to my future work as an instructional design professional.  I will provide a brief overview of the type of content that can be found on each of the three instructional design blogs.

1)  LET’S SAVE THE WORLD FROM BORING TRAINING by Cathy Moore

     Link :  http://blog.cathy-moore.com/

Overview

The content in Cathy Moore’s blog is relevant to my future work as an instructional designer in the business environment.  The majority of the information that Cathy Moore writes about is related to constructivism and problem-based learning.  The site focuses on helping instructional designers change what people do to improve business performance.  Cathy Moore has a streamlined approach to instructional design utilizing action mapping.  Cathy Moore’s action mapping process helps instructional designers improve business performance, identify the best solution to the performance problem and create challenging instruction when training is necessary.  The blog also has information regarding training workshops, a job aid to help instructional designers design solutions to a performance problem, a forum for instructional designers to discuss performance improvement, information on how to become an instructional designer in the business environment, tips, a store, and other resources.

2) Big Dog, Little Dog by Donald Clark

     Link:  http://bdld.blogspot.com/

Overview

Big Dog, Little Dog by Donald Clark contains a wealth of information relating to instructional design and performance and has archives dated back to 2004.  Donald Clark’s blog contains various links to other instructional design blogs and a link to the Big Dog, Little Dog performance web site.  Donald Clark contributes information regarding instructional design methodologies, learning theories, performance, training, leadership, and a variety of other information related to the field of instructional design.  This relevant content will help me as an instructional designer.

3) The eLearning Coach for designing smarter learning experiences with Connie Malamed

     Link:  http://theelearningcoach.com/

Overview

Connie Malamed’s blog contains valuable information relating to eLearning and the field of instructional design.  Connie Malamed is an eLearning coach, who has a Master’s degree in Instructional Design and Technology.  She shares valuable resources and strategies to help instructional designers design, develop, and understand online learning.  You can subscribe to the eLearning coach monthly newsletter via the blog site to get tips and reviews.  Connie published Instructional Design Guru, a quick reference mobile app that defines hundreds of terms related to instructional design.  Connie also created a podcast and interviews authors, experts and people who are doing interesting things that are related to the field of instructional design.  The information found on this blog, as well as the tools mentioned, can enhance my knowledge in instructional design.